ringworm infection and treatment

Ringworm infection, also known as dermatophytosis, is a common fungal infection that affects the skin, nails, and scalp.

Despite its name, it is not caused by worms but rather by a group of fungi known as dermatophytes.

This condition can be highly contagious and can spread from person to person, as well as through contact with infected animals or contaminated objects.

In this post, let\’s explore the causes, symptoms, and effective treatments for ringworm infection.

Causes of Ringworm Infection:

Ringworm is caused by various species of fungi called dermatophytes. These fungi thrive in warm, moist environments and can be found in soil, on animals, and on human skin.

The most common species responsible for ringworm infections include Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton.

Symptoms of Ringworm Infection:

The symptoms of ringworm infection can vary depending on the affected area of the body, but common signs and symptoms include:

  1. Red, scaly, and itchy patches on the skin.
  2. Circular or ring-shaped rash with raised edges and clear centre.
  3. The affected area may be inflamed, swollen, or blistered.
  4. Hair loss or bald patches in case of scalp infection.
  5. Brittle, discoloured, or thickened nails in case of nail infection.

It is important to note that the symptoms can differ depending on the location of the infection, and some people may not exhibit any symptoms at all.

Treatment of Ringworm Infection:

Ringworm infection can be effectively treated with antifungal medications. The choice of treatment depends on the severity and location of the infection. Here are some common treatment options:

Topical Antifungal Creams: Over-the-counter antifungal creams, such as clotrimazole, miconazole, or terbinafine, are often used to treat mild cases of ringworm.

These creams should be applied to the affected area as per the instructions provided, typically for a few weeks.

Oral Antifungal Medications: In cases of severe or widespread infections, oral antifungal medications may be prescribed by a healthcare professional.

Medications like griseofulvin, terbinafine, or itraconazole are commonly used. These medications are taken for a specified duration, often several weeks or months, depending on the severity of the infection.

Antifungal Shampoos: For scalp infections, medicated shampoos containing antifungal agents, such as ketoconazole or selenium sulfide,

Prevention and General Care:
    • Keep the affected area clean and dry.
    • Avoid sharing personal items like clothing, towels, or combs.
    • Wash your hands thoroughly after touching infected areas.
    • Avoid close contact with infected animals.
    • Use antifungal powders or sprays to minimize the risk of reinfection.
    • Wash clothes, bedding, and other items that may have come into contact with the fungus in hot water.

It is crucial to complete the entire course of treatment, even if the symptoms have resolved, to ensure the eradication of the fungal infection and prevent its recurrence.

When to Seek Medical Attention: While most cases of ringworm infection can be effectively treated at home, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional in the following situations:

  • The infection does not improve with over-the-counter treatments.
  • The symptoms worsen or spread to other parts of the body.
  • The infection affects the scalp or nails.
  • The affected individual is


  1. Ringworm as a contagious disease can be prevented if contact with infected persons is avoided.
  2. The skin and clothing should always be clean.
  1. Such items as buckets, caps, towels and clothes used by infected persons should be avoided.
  2. Ringworm can easily be cured with ointment and it is best to consult the doctor or a qualified health officer.
  1. the ringworm can be treated using local herbs like umicha which is an Igbo name
  2. by using locally broken ceramic wares to pulp or scrape around the edges of the ring portion to prevent expansion
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  2. getting mineral resources and the mining industries
  3. demand and supply