ROLES OF INDEPENDENT CORRUPT PRACTICES AND OTHER RELATED OFFENSES COMMISSION. The membership is drawn from the following categories of Nigerians as spelt out by the Act as independent corrupt practices
As provided for in section 3 (3) of the Act 2000, the Commission consists of a Chairman and twelve (12) Members, two of whom represent each of the six geo-political zones of the country. The membership is drawn from the following categories of Nigerians as spelt out by the Act:
OPERATING STRUCTURE OF ICPC== independent corrupt practices
- A retired Police Officer not below the rank of commissioner of Police
- A legal practitioner with at least 10 years post-call experience
- A retired judge of a superior court of record
- A retired Public Servant not below the rank of a Director
- A woman
- A youth not less than 21 or more than 30 years of age at the time of his or her appointment; and
- A chartered accountant–== independent corrupt practices
The Act provides that the Chairman and Members of the Commission, who shall be persons of proven integrity, shall be appoint by the President upon confirmation by the Senate and shall not begin to discharge their duties until they have declared their assets and liabilities as prescribed in the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
The tenure of office for the Chairman is five (5) years while that of the Members is four (4) years in the first instance. The Act also provides for the position of a Secretary to the Commission who is to be appointed by the President. The Commission is granted the powers to appoint, deploy, discipline and determine the conditions of service of its staff. Section 3 (14) of the Act enshrines the independence of the Commission by providing that “the Commission shall in the discharge of its functions under this Act, not be subject to the direction or control of any other person or authority”
The Chairman and 12 Members of the Commission constitute three (3) Committees that oversee the excursion of the execution of the enshrined functions of the Commission.
Roles of ICPC independent corrupt practices
Section 6 (a-f) of the ICPC Act 2000 sets out the duties of the Commission as paraphrased in the following:
- To receive and investigate complaints from members of the public on allegation of corrupt practices and in appropriate cases, prosecute the offenders
- To examine the practices, system and procedures of public bodies and where such systems aid corruption, to direct and supervise their review.
- To instruct, advise and assist any officer, agency, or parasternal on ways by which fraud or corruption may by which fraud or corruption may be eliminated or minimized by them
- To advise heads of public bodies of any changes in practice, systems or procedures compatible with the effective discharge of the duties of public bodies to reduce the likelihood or incidence of bribery, corruption and related offenses
- To educate the public on and against bribery, corruption and related offenses
- To enlist and foster public support in combating corruption
- With respect to the prosecution of cases, the ICPC Act provides that every prosecution for offenses under it shall be deemed to be done with the consent of the Attorney-General. Furthermore, it is provided that the Chief Judge of a state or the Federal Capital Territory shall designate a court or Judges to hear and determine all cases arising under the Act. Presently, there are two such designated Judges in each State of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory