Functions of the skin
The skin is the outer covering of a mammalian body.
As a result of discovering that every animal has the skin it is also important to look at the functions of the skin of animals
The functions of the animal skin
The mammalian skin and its function as follows
1. the skin Serves as protection for the body.
The skin protect the body against entrance by microbes, injuries from mechanical services. shield the body from ultraviolet rays of the sunlight and desiccation by acting as waterproof.
The pigment known as Melani
absorbs ultraviolet rays from the Sun which is harmful to the body
2. The skin is used for excretion
Most importantly is the fact that the skin excrete excess water
, mineral salts
and some nitrogenous waste through the sweat gland as sweat
3. The skin serves as a major sense organ of the body
The skin is very sensitive to its environment through specialised sensory nerves endings scattered in the dermis
The skin is also sensitive to such stimulus as changes in temperature, pressure, pain and cold
4. The skin helps in the production of vitamin D.
For natural vitamin D production, the skin is called To Action
The skin uses infrared rays from the sunlight to produce vitamin D.
5. The skin helps in the production of milk
mammary gland of female animals which is a modifications of the skin help in the production of milk which are used as food for feeding The Young Ones.
6. It serves as storage of food for the body.
Facts are stored under the dermis of mammals.
The stored fat serves as insulation to cool the body temperature
7. The skin regulates the body temperature..
animals are able to regulate their body temperature in their various habitats environment
Based on body temperature vertebrate can be grouped into two categories of animals. they’re poikilothermic and homoiothermic animals