FLORICULTURE AND FLOWERING PLANTS

FLORICULTURE

MEANING OF FLORICULTURE

Floriculture is simple defined as the production and management of ornamental plants such as trees, shrubs and flowers. In other words, floriculture involves the growth, care, uses and marketing of some flowering plants, trees and shrubs. Beautiful trees or flowering plants which can be used to decorate our environments are called ornamental plants. Ornamental plants could be trees, shrubs or flowers.

The person who grows and sells flowers is called a florist.

IMPORTANCE /USES/BENEFITS OF ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

Ornamental trees, shrubs and flowers are very important in a number of ways. These include:
(1) Sources of employment of Income: Ornamental plants and flowers provide employment or income to horticulturists of florist.
(2) Expression of Love: Flowers are used for the expression of love and as gifts on special occasions.

insect-pollinated flowers

(3) For Decoration: Shade loving ornamental can be used for decoration in porches, verandahs and halls.
(4) For Fencing: Densely branched ornamental shrubs can be used for fencing.
(5) For visual screening: Some ornamental plants are used for visual screening or concealing views, to provide privacy.
(6) Sources of compost materials: Pruning and clipping from hedges can be used as compost materials or mulch.

(7) For medicinal preparations: Some ornamental plants have medicinal value and are used in herbal preparation
(8) Sources of Food: some ornamental trees have edible fruits for human consumption.
(9) Nitrogen fixation: Some leguminous manure, e.g farmyard manure can be added to the soil to improve its fertility.
(10) Regular watering: Flowers should be watered at least twice a day-morning and evening

(11) Regular weeding: The florist should ensure that unwanted plants (weeds) are removed so as to provide nutrients, space, light, etc. For the normal growth of ornamental trees and flowers without competition.

SOURCES OF PLANTING MATERIALS

Sources of planting materials like seeds, cut stems, leaves and stolons or rhizomes, include:
(i) Established private horticultural gardens;
(ii) Higher institutions botanical gardens
(iii) Government-owned horticultural centres
(iv) Private houses and offices
(v) Imported ornamental trees and flowers
(vi) Resort or recreational centres

MAINTENANCE OF HORTICULUTRAL PLANTS/FLOWERS

(i) Provision of shade: Shade should be provided for the seedling to protect them against excessive rainfall and heat of the sun
(ii) Regular Watering: Horticultural plants and flowers should be watered at least twice a day – early in the morning and late in the evening.

pollination in plant

(iii) Regular weeding: The florist should ensure that unwanted plants (weeds) are removed so as to allow for adequate nutrients, space, light, etc for the normal growth of ornamental trees and flowers.
(iv) Fertilizer Application: Fertilizers and manure can be applied to the soil to improve the soil fertility for this growth of ornamental trees, shrubs and flowers

(v) Fencing: Ornamental plants should be protected from being eaten up by animals like cattle, sheep, goat, etc
(vi) Regular Pruning: Old leaves, stems and side branches should be pruned with either shears or secateurs.

What does Floriculture mean?

Floriculture refers to farming, plant care, propagation, and cultivation with one goal in mind, the maximum production of flower buds and flowers. Growers who focus on floriculture also generally experiment with creating new strains, cultivars, and varieties to improve bud and flower development.

Floriculture is an entire gardening spectrum that is geared towards understanding and improving all aspects of bud and flower creation, including indoor lighting, growroom requirements, greenhouse needs, plant nutrition, irrigation, pest management, and breeding new cultivars/strains. The goal of floriculture is always to improve the plant so it yields larger buds, more abundant buds, and optimal flowering times.

Growing with a floriculture objective means having a strong focus on the plant’s spacing, pruning, ideal flower harvest time frame, and post-harvest chores such as storage and packaging of buds, flower heads, and other parts of the plant.

pollination conditions in crop
self pollination

Floriculture encompasses all realms of successful growing, growth habits, and harvesting of a flowering plant. Growers usually center their goals around the plant’s health, branching, growth size, bud formation, flowering, harvest, the plant’s distinct desirable characteristics, and its overall flower and bud yield at the time of harvest.

All plants have two stages: the vegetative stage and the flowering stage. Floriculture singles out the flowering stage of the plant as being the most important aspect of the plant’s life.

Floriculture growers work to make the plant’s transition from the vegetative to the flowering stage an easy change in the hopes of boosting the plant’s bud and flower growth to greater and newer heights.
Share this:
Floriculture, or flower farming, is a discipline of horticulture concerned with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for gardens and for floristry, comprising the floral industry. The development, via plant breeding, of new varieties is a major occupation of floriculturists.

Floriculture, also known as flower farming is a branch of horticulture that deals with cultivating ornamental and flowering plants. The flowers and plants cultivated are meant for sale. These can be used in the cosmetic industry, the perfume industry and even the pharmaceutical industry.

Floriculture not only includes the cultivation of plants but also their marketing. Flowers are marketed to local as well as distant markets. Cut flowers are also exported long with its products like scents, medicines and oils. The commercialization of flower cultivation has been a result of changing lifestyle of people.

Various forms of floriculture plants include bedding plants, foliage plants, cut flowers, flowering plants and cut cultivated greens. Flowering plants are used indoor and are sold in pots. Foliage plants are also used indoor and are sold in pots or hanging baskets. Cut flowers are sold in bouquets and bunches.
IMPORTACE OF FLORICULTURE

Flowers are considered a symbol of love, grace and elegance. We use flowers on religious occasions too. Flowers are given as birthday gifts, wedding gifts, at funerals and also when one goes to meet a sick person. Many Hindu ladies use flowers to style their hair in the form of gajras and veni. Apart from beautification and decoration, flowers have industrial importance too. Flowers like rose, jasmine give essential oils which are used in making perfumes and scents.

Floriculture has tremendous potential in India. The different types of climatic conditions provide for the possibility of growing almost all the major cut flowers.

Species of the world, whether of tropical, sub-tropical or temperate climate origin. However, flowers in India are produced in open field conditions, mostly during the mild winter months without use of any advanced technology. As a result, the quality and quantity available for marketing are heterogeneous and vary according to the prevailing weather conditions

India has better opportunities in the development of the floriculture sector due to the following reasons:

Diverse climatic conditions and locations suited for growing different types of flowers
Skilled manpower to absorb the technology and implement the same at a relatively low cost
Soil and water supply at most locations
Good radiation/ sunlight leading to healthier plant growth and better quality flowers
Good period of sunlight even during the heavy rains leading to continued plant growth and yield

  1. economic tools for nation building
  2. budgeting
  3. factors affecting the expansion of industries
  4. mineral resources and the mining industries
  5. demand and supply
  6. types of demand curve and used
  7. advertising industry
  8. factors of production
  9. entrepreneur
  10. joint stock company
  11. public enterprises
  12. private enterprises
  13. limited liability companies
  14. migration
  15. population
  16. market concept
  17. money market
  18. shares
  19. how companies raises funds for expansion

WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUS
7. COMPOST
8. CROP ROTATION
9. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE
14. HUMUS
15. COMPOST
16. CROP ROTATION

  1. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
    19. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
    20. INCUBATORS
    21. MILKING MACHINE
    22. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
    23. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
    24. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
    25. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
    26. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
    27. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
    28. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
    29. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
    30. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
    31. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
    32. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
    33. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
    34. OIL PALM
    35. USES OF PALM OIL
    36. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
    37. COCOA

38.
39. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
HOLING AND LINING
40. YAM
41. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
42. DEPT OF PLANTING
43. SPACING OF YAM
44. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
45. STORAGE OF YAM
46. STAKING OF YAM
47. HARVESTING OF YAM
48. COWPEA
JUTE
49. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
50. FORAGE GRASSES
51. SILAGE
52. PASTURE
53. TYPES OF PASTURE
COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
54. GRASSES
55. LEGUMES
56. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
57. 201. FORAGE PRESERVATION
58. HAY SILAGE
59. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
60. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
61. MAIZE SMUT
62. RICE BLAST
63. MAIZE RUST
64. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
65. COW-PEA MOSAIC
66. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE

check out these recent posts

  1. loans for businesses
  2. how to establish enterprises
  3. what is a firm
  4. price equilibrium
  5. scale of preference
  6. concept of economics
  7. economic tools for nation building
  8. budgeting
  9. factors affecting the expansion of industries
  10. mineral resources and the mining industries
  11. demand and supply
  12. types of demand curve and used
  13. advertising industry
  14. factors of production
  15. entrepreneur
  16. joint stock company
  17. public enterprises
  18. private enterprises
  19. limited liability companies
  20. migration
  21. population
  22. market concept
  23. money market
  24. shares
  25. how companies raises funds for expansion
  1. BALANCED DIETS
    141. LACTATION DIETS
    142. MALNUTRITION
  2. RINDER PESTS
    148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
    149. BACTERIA DISEASES
    150. ANTHRAX
    151. BRUCELLOSIS
    152. TUBERCULOSIS
    153. FUNGAL DISEASES
  3. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
    155. TRYPONOSOMIASIS

    159. TAPE WORM
    160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
    161. LIVER FLUKE
    162. ECTO PARASITES
    163. TICK

Related Posts

let us know what you think

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.