plantain and banana cultivation and cultural practices in plantain farming

plantain and cultivation and cultural practices.  plantain botanically known as Musa Sp is type of crop grown using the plantain suckers.

the cultivation of plantain strive very well in the rainforest belt. and plantain are biennial crops.

cultivation practices in the propagation of plantain

cultural practices in the cultivation of plantain and

plantain farming include improved varieties of planting materials called suckers; soil fertility; planting spacing know-how; manure application, and most importantly,

water application are some of he key points one has to learn about planting plantain

WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
2. DISEASES
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE

  1. HUMUS
  2. COMPOST
  3. CROP ROTATION
  4. GRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
  5. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
  6. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
  7. ORGANIC MANURING
  8. FARM YARD MANURE
  9. HUMUS
  10. COMPOST
  11. CROP ROTATION
  12. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE
  13. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
  14. INCUBATORS
  15. MILKING MACHINE
  16. SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
  17. AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
  18. THE CONCEPT OF MECHANIZATION
plantain farming
cultural practices in plantain farming
    1. PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZATION
    2. SURVEYING AND PLANNING OF FARMSTEAD
    3. IMPORTANCE OF FARM SURVEY
    4. SURVEY EQUIPMENT
    5. PRINCIPLES OF FARM OUTLAY
    6. SUMMARY OF FARM SURVEYING
    7. CROP HUSBANDRY PRACTICES
    8. PESTS AND DISEASE OF MAIZE- ZEA MAYS
    9. CULTIVATION OF MAIZE CROP
    10. OIL PALM
    11. USES OF PALM OIL
    12. MAINTENANCE OF PALM PLANTATION
    13. COCOA
    14. PROCESSES IN COCOA CULTIVATION
      HOLING AND LINING
    15. YAM
    16. LAND PREPARATION FOR YAM
    17. DEPT OF PLANTING
    18. SPACING OF YAM
    19. PLANTING DEPT OF YAM
    20. STORAGE OF YAM
    21. STAKING OF YAM
    22. HARVESTING OF YAM
    23. COWPEA
      JUTE
    24. FORAGE CROP AND PASTURE
    25. FORAGE GRASSES
    26. SILAGE
    27. PASTURE
    28. TYPES OF PASTURE
      COMMON GRASSES AND LEGUMES
    29. GRASSES
    30. LEGUMES
    31. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
      1. FORAGE PRESERVATION
    32. HAY SILAGE
    33. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION
    34. DISEASES AND PESTS OF CROPS
    35. MAIZE SMUT
    36. RICE BLAST
    37. MAIZE RUST
    38. LEAF SPOT OF GROUNDNUT
    39. COW-PEA MOSAIC
    40. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE
    41. COFFEE RUST
    42. CASSAVA BACTERIA BLIGHT
    43. BLACK ARM BACTERIA BLIGHT OF COTTON
    44. TOMATO ROOT KNOT
    45. DAMPING-OFF OF TOMATO
    46. ONION DOWNY MILDEW
    47. STORED PRODUCE MOULD
    48. PESTS OF CROPS
  1. ARMY WORM
  2. COCOA MIRIDS(CAPSIDS)
  3. APHIDS
  4. WHITE FLY SEED BUGS
  5. CASSAVA CULTIVATION
  6. CASSAVA MEALYBUGS
  7. VARIEGATED GRASSHOPPER
  8. GREEN SPIDER MITE
  9. COTTON STAINER
  10. COTTON
  11. LEAF ROLLER
  12. BEAN BEETLE
  13. RICE WEEVILS
  14. . PROBLEMS WITH PESTS CONTROL
  15. CROP IMPROVEMENT
  16. PROCESS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT METHODS OF CROP IMPROVEMENT
  17. HYBRIDIZATION OF CROPS
  18. ANIMAL PRODUCTION
  19. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF ANIMALS
  20. THE LARGE AND SMALL INTESTINE
  21. RUMINANT ANIMALS
  22. THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
  23. THE NEURONS
  24. A SYNAPSE ACTION IMPULSE REFLEX ACTION VOLUNTARY ACTION
  25. THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
  26. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
  27. THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM MALE AND FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
  28. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM OF BIRDS
  29. THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
  30. THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION
  31. THE HEART
  32. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
  33. THE TRACHEA INSPIRATION THE EXPIRATION THE DIAPHRAGM
  34. HEAT PERIODS OESTROUS CYCLE
  35. MATING
  36. PARTURITION
  37. MAMMARY GLAND
  38. LACTATION
  39. EGG FORMATION IN POULTRY
  40. LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT
  41. MANAGEMENT OF GOATS
  42. REPRODUCTION IN GOAT
  43. POULTRY
  44. POULTRY MANAGEMENT
  45. BATTERY CAGE SYSTEM
  46. INTENSIVE SYSTEM
  47. . SEMI-INTENSIVE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM
    PROODING AND REARING IN POULTRY
  48. POULTRY SANITATION
  49. ANIMAL NUTRITION
  50. RATION
  51. CONCENTRATE
  52. ROUGHAGE
  53. NUTRIENT SOURCES AND FUNCTIONS
  54. CARBOHYDRATES
  55. PROTEIN FATS
  56. MINERALS
  57. VITAMINS
  58. FEEDING MECHANISMS IN HOLOZOIC ORGANISMS
  59. TYPES OF DIETS
  60. FATTENING OR FINISHING DIETS
  61. LAYER DIETS
  62. BALANCED DIETS
  63. LACTATION DIETS
  64. MALNUTRITION
  65. RINDER PESTS
  66. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
  67. BACTERIA DISEASES
  68. ANTHRAX
  69. BRUCELLOSIS
  70. TUBERCULOSIS
  71. FUNGAL DISEASES
  72. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
  73. TRYPONOSOMIASIS
  74. COCCIDIOSIS
  75. RED WATER FEVER(PIROPLASMOSIS)
  76. ENDO PARASITES
  77. TAPE WORM
  78. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
  79. LIVER FLUKE
  80. ECTO PARASITES
  81. TICK
  82. LICE

land preparation in the cultivation of plantain and

Land Preparation: Clearing of the land to plant plantain is followed by stumping and making of ridges or heaps.

Many farmers might have tried and failed in plantain farming, but with the necessary requirements in place, plantain cultivation business can prove to be very lucrative and easy to start-up. It is equally done in an integrated system.

Types of plantain

“Two groups of plantains are thought to have a common origin:
the horn plantain and the French plantain.
Both types grow in India, Africa, Egypt, and tropical America.
The French plantains also occur in Indonesia and the islands of the Pacific.”

plantain bunch
a plantain bunch

basic requirements for the cultivation of plantain and

Requirements of successful plantain farming include improved varieties of planting materials called suckers;

soil fertility;

planting spacing know-how;

manure application, and most importantly, water application.

cultural practices in the cultivation of plantain and

Land Preparation: Clearing of the land which is followed by stumping and making of ridges or heaps. It can also be done mechanically through ploughing, harrowing and ridging.

varieties of plantain and

Varieties/Cultivars of and planting
Gross Michel; Cavendish (dwarf); red banana; canary banana.

Climatic and soil requirements for plantain/ cultivation

/plantain

plantain tree
plantain tree

plant requires a temperature of 21oC- 25°C, rainfall of l5Ocm – 200cm per annum and a well- drained, rich, loamy soil. if plantain is cultivated in such areas as listed above, the plantain will yield quality produce

Planting Materials for /plantain cultivation

: These are corm (or bits), peeper suckers, sword sucker and maiden sucker.

Propagation/planting Date

: is propagated by vegetative means any time from April to September. Dig a hole and plant the sucker with ball of earth.

cultivation practices in the propagation of plantain

The hole should be 60cm x 60cm. The holes are filled with soil(soil management) mixed with organic matter.
Spacing: 4m x 4m

Cultural Practices for the cultivation of /plantain

(i) Weeding plantain plantation: This should be done regularly to prevent competition with crops for nutrients.
(ii) Mulching of plantain: This should be done to prevent evaporation.
(iii) Fertilizer Application in plantain farm: Apply Muriate of potash 25kg/ha by ring method at regular intervals.
(iv) how to Prune plantain: This should be done to avoid over-population per stand.
(v) Pests and other insects of plantain should be controlled.

Maturity period for plantain and

It matures between 12-18 months, depending on the variety.

Harvesting time of
A bunch of banana is harvested when the fruit is severed from the bunch stalk by using cutlass. At times, the pseudo-stem is cut until the tree falls

.

Processing/storage of banana

the fruit of plantain can be processed into chips, pounded yam-like, can be eaten raw, cooked as plantain porridge or portage

Pests of Banana and control methods

(i)
Stem Borer:
the Larvae of some insects bore into and destroy the tissue of the plantain.

Control:
(i) Apply dieldrin dust or furadan
(ii)
Nematode:
It makes the root of banana
to grow galls or knots, leading to poor growth
Control: Use appropriate nematicide
(iii)

Rats and Monkeys:

these eat up the matured or ripe fruits
Control:
(i) Use poison baits
(ii) Set traps
(iii) Harvest ripe fruit early

Diseases of Banana and control methods

Panama disease:It is caused by fungus (Fusarium oxysperum) which is spread through the soil. Symptoms include collapsing of the petiole and withering of the leaves.

how to Control pests of plantain:
(i) Use resistant varieties.
(ii) Spray with fungicide.

(2)

Leaf spot (or Sigatoka) disease of plantain:

It caused by a fungus (Cercospora mycosi haerella) which is transmitted by air wind(airbone diseases). Symptoms: include yellow or brown chiorotic spots which later unite to form or bind lateral to parallel vein.

how to Control leaf spot disease of plantain:
Spray with fungicide, e.g. Bordeaux mixture.

(iii) Bunchy top disease of plantain and banana:
this plantain disease is caused by a virus transmitted by an insect. Symptoms include stunted plant with crowded leaves having curled edges.
Control:
(i) Ensure field sanitation
(ii) Bury or burn infected plants.
HERE YOU WILL FIND EVERY AVAILABLE TOPICS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND BIOLOGY. AND THE LINKS TO THEIR VARIOUS SOURCES.

56. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
57. METAMORPHIC
58. SOIL AND ITS FORMATION
59. FACTORS OF SOIL FORMATION
60. LIVING ORGANISM
61. PARENT MATERIALS
62. SOIL FORMATION TOPOGRAPHY

80. SANDY SOIL CLAY SOIL LOAMY SOIL
83. SOIL TEXTURE

85. RETENTION OF WATER BY VARIOUS SOIL TYPES

87. COLORIMETRIC DETERMINATION OF SOIL PH LEVEL
88. PH SOIL TEST

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