Biting and chewing insect pests can be a significant problem for homeowners and farmers alike. These insects can cause damage to crops and gardens and also pose a threat to human and animal health. In this blog post, we will explore some of the most common bitings and chewing insect pests and how to control them.
How To Control Biting And Chewing Insect Pests
Aphids: Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects that feed on plant sap. They can cause damage to plants by depleting their nutrients, stunting their growth, and transmitting diseases. To control aphids, use insecticidal soap or a natural predator such as ladybugs.
Caterpillars: Caterpillars are the larvae of moths and butterflies, and they can cause significant damage to plants by chewing through leaves, flowers, and fruit. To control caterpillars, use a natural insecticide such as Bacillus thuringiensis (BT) or handpick them off your plants.
Grasshoppers: Grasshoppers are large, jumping insects that can cause significant damage to crops and gardens by chewing through leaves and stem. To control grasshoppers, use a natural insecticide such as diatomaceous earth or introduce natural predators such as birds or praying mantises.
Japanese beetles: Japanese beetles are a common garden pest that feeds on the leaves, flowers, and fruit of plants. They can cause significant damage, and their larvae can destroy the roots of plants. To control Japanese beetles, use a natural insecticide such as neem oil or introduce natural predators such as birds or nematodes.
Mosquitoes: Mosquitoes are blood-sucking insects that can transmit diseases such as the West Nile virus and Zika virus. To control mosquitoes, remove any standing water on your property and use mosquito repellent when outdoors.
Ticks: Ticks are blood-sucking parasites that can transmit diseases such as Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. To control ticks, keep your lawn mowed and remove any leaf litter or debris where they might hide. Use tick repellent when outdoors.
biting and chewing insect pests can be a significant problem for homeowners and farmers. However, by identifying the specific pest and using the appropriate control method, you can reduce their impact on your plants and health. It is always best to use natural methods of control whenever possible, as chemical pesticides can have negative effects on the environment and beneficial insects.
these attack of biting and chewing insect leads to the eventual death of the plant.
mouthparts for biting and chewing insects
The mouth parts of pests in this group are specially adapted to biting and chewing of various plant parts. The mouth parts are made up of two hard-biting jaws (mandibles) FEEDING MECHANISM IN HOLOZOIC. In addition to these, they also have two jaws
maxillae). They have two lips – a flat upper lip (labrum) and lower lip (labium) while the maxillae are used to push the crop parts into the mouth, the mandibles are used for biting and chewing since they are very strong.
Biting and Chewing Insects pests possess strong mandible and maxillae (mouth parts) which enable them to bite and chew plant parts.
examples of biting and chewing insect
These insects can feed on any part of the plant including leaves, fruits, stems, flowers and even roots. Some common biting and chewing insect pests are beetles, grasshoppers, termites, crickets, caterpillars of moths and butterflies, locusts, armyworms and so on. They feed on many crops such as okro, maize, rice, vegetables, cassava and fruit trees.
Biting and chewing Insect Pests
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Characteristics or features of private enterprises
- Private individuals provide the capital: Private individuals that owned the enterprises are the people to raise capital for the establishment of the enterprise
- Ownership belongs to private individuals: Private individuals, e.g. sole proprietorship or partnership are the ones that own the business enterprise
- The objective of business is to make profits: The purpose of setting up the business enterprise is to make profits for the owners of the enterprise
- Accountability is to the owners: The ions of the business enterprises are usually accounted for and submitted to the owners of the enterprise
- Owners bear the risk of the less: In the event of business failure t ’liquidation, the owners will have to bear the entire risks associated with such failures.
- Owners manage the business themselves: The daily operations of a business enterprise is controlled and -managed by the owners of the enterprise.
(b) Public enterprises in Public enterprises are the types of organisations which are owned, controlled and managed by the government, business organisations are owned by either the local, state or federal government and their major objective is to provide social services to the people. They are associated with such names as authorities, corporations, boards and commissions. Examples of public enterprises are public corporations and companies owned by the government such as the Power Holding Co-operation of Nigeria (P.H.C.N.), the Nigerian Ports Authority (N.P.A.), Nigerian Television Authority (N.TA.), Nigerian Railway Corporation (N.R.C.) and Nigerian Telecommunications Plc. (N.I.T.E.L.).
Characteristics or features of public enterprises
- Government provides the capital:
Government provides the necessary capital required to set up public enterprises.
- Ownership belongs to the government: Public enterprises are usually set up by Acts of legislation and the enterprise belongs to the government.
- The objective is to provide social services: The major reason of setting up public enterprises is to provide social amenities and services to the people at a reduced cost.
- Management is accountable to the government: The management of public enterprises is directly accountable to the government that set up the enterprise.
- Government and taxpayer bore the risks: The risks associated with public enterprises are usually borne by the government and taxpayers who provided the capital for setting up the enterprises.
- Board of Directors manage the business: The public enterprise is managed by a board of directors appointed by the government.
- Public enterprise is a legal entity: Public enterprise is a corporate body or a legal entity, meaning that it can sue and be sued in its own right.