ANIMAL BY-PRODUCTS

Animal by-products are materials derived from the processing of animals that are not intended for human consumption. These by-products can be used in a variety of ways, from animal feed to cosmetics to biofuels. This post will explore the different types of animal by-products and their uses.

Types of Animal By-Products

Meat and Bone Meal (MBM): Meat and bone meal is a protein-rich powder made from animal bones and tissue. It is used primarily as an animal feed supplement for poultry, swine, and pets.

Tallow: Tallow is a fatty substance derived from animal fat. It is used in a wide range of applications, including soap, candles, and cosmetics.

Gelatin: Gelatin is a protein derived from the collagen in animal bones, skin, and connective tissue. It is used in food products such as gummy candies, marshmallows, and Jell-O, as well as in pharmaceuticals and photographic film.

Blood Meal: A blood meal is a protein-rich powder made from animal blood. It is used primarily as an animal feed supplement for poultry and livestock.

Feather Meal: Feather meal is a protein-rich powder made from the feathers of poultry. It is used primarily as an animal feed supplement.

Uses of Animal By-Products

Animal Feed: Animal by-products are used extensively as animal feed. Meat and bone meals, blood meals, and feather meals are all used to supplement animal diets with protein.

Cosmetics: Tallow and gelatin are both used in cosmetics. Tallow is used in soaps and candles, while gelatin is used in hair and skincare products.

Biofuels: Animal fats, including tallow, can be used to produce biodiesel. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel source that can be used to power vehicles and machinery.

Fertilizer: Animal by-products, including blood meal and bone meal, can be used as a source of nitrogen and other nutrients in the fertilizer.

Pharmaceuticals: Gelatin is a coating for pills and capsules, and blood products are used to produce medicines and vaccines.

Animal by-products are a valuable resource that can be used in a variety of ways. They provide a source of protein for animal feed, are used in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, and can even be used to produce biofuels.

By finding new and innovative ways to use animal by-products, we can reduce waste and create more sustainable products and industries.

ANIMAL BY-PRODUCTS

By-products derived from farm animals include hides and skin, fur, wool, feathers, horns, milk, egg, meat, tail of animal, bone, blood and manure (dung)

HIDES AND SKIN

  1. Hides and skin: hides and skin are derived from the skin of cattle, sheep, goat, pig and rabbit
\"Animal

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF HIDES AND SKIN

i. Hides and skin are processed into leather for the manufacture of bags, shoes, ropes and foot wears
ii. Hides and skin serve as sources of income for farmers
iii. Hides and skin can be processed into meat

iv. They are used in clothing materials, such as jackets. They are also used as ornamentals and other decorative household materials

  1. Wool and Fur: wool is the hair derived from sheep while fur is the hair derived from rabbits. These products are found on the body of these farm animal

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF WOOL AND FUR

i. Wool is used for the manufacture of brushes
ii. It is also used as clothing material like a jacket
iii. It can be used in the manufacturing of blankets and rugs

HORNS, MILK AND EGG

  1. Horns: Horns are derived from animals like cattle, sheep and goats. They are found in the head region of these animals

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF HORNS

i. Horns are used industrially as raw materials in knife handles and belt heads.
ii. They are used for decorative purposes and as ornamentals
iii. They can be used to make fertilizers because they are rich in calcium and phosphorus.

iv. They are also used as feed for livestock because of their high levels of calcium and phosphorus.
v. Some are used in music and other dance
vi. To the animals, they are used for fighting or defending themselves against enemies.

Milk

Milk is derived from farm animals like cows (cattle), ewe (sheep), sows (pigs) and doe (goats). The part which produces this milk is the mammary gland or udder.

The milk can be extracted from the animals by milking manually (using hands) or mechanically (by the use of milking machines).

The milk so derived from these animals can be made fit for consumption by man through a process called pasteurization.

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF HORNS

i. Milk is a source of protein in food
ii. It can be used in raising foster calves, lambs or children
iii. It is used in the preparation of baby food
iv. It supplies minerals to livestock.

v. It is used as an extender in artificial insemination practices.
vi. It is used in the preparation of dairy products such as butter, cheese and yoghurt.

Eggs are mainly produced by poultry birds such as white leghorn, brown leghorn, and Rhode Island Red. Others are geese, turkeys and guinea fowl

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF EGG

i. An egg is a source of protein in human food or diet
ii. It is used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals
iii. Egg is industrially processed and is used to make paints and vanishes or printer ink.
iv. Egg is used in the production of adhesives

v. Egg shells are used in making scouring powder.
vi. Eggshell is a source of calcium in poultry feed/animal feed.
vii. Egg is used for reproduction.
viii. It is also used for manufacturing vaccines
ix. It is used in cosmetics

MEAT, MANURE AND BONE OF ANIMAL BY-PRODUCTS

MEAT

The major product of farm animals is meat.
Meat: meat is derived from all farm animals. Meat has different times depending on the animal from which it is derived. For examples.
(i) Meat of cattle is called
(ii) Meat of pigs is called pork

(iii) Meat of sheep is called mutton
(iv) Meat of goat is called goat meat
(v) Meat of domestic fowl is called chicken.

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF MEAT

i. Meat is a source of protein for man
ii. It is also a protein source for livestock feed e.g meat meal
iii. It is also used in the making of vaccines and drugs
iv. It provides minerals and vitamins for good health.

v. It is used in pharmaceuticals
vi. It is used in the production of hormones
vii. It is a source of income for farmers and the nation.

Animal dung or manure

: animal dung or manure is produced by farm animals. The quality of manure produced depends on the animal, the age of the animal, the nutrition of the animal and the physiological state of the feed.

The manure of poultry birds is richer than al other farm animals closely followed by the manure of rabbits.

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF MANURE

i. Animal dung or manure returns nutrients to the soil
ii. It improves the texture and structure of the soil
iii. It encourages the activities of soil organisms.

iv. It improves water conservation in the soil
v. It regulates the temperature fluctuation in the soil.
vi. It prevents soil erosion.
vii. It has a buffering effect on the soil.

Bone

: bone is also derived from all farm animals. A reasonable quantity is however obtained from cattle, sheep and goats.

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF BONE

i. Bone is crushed and processed as a bone meal for livestock feed.
ii. It is rich in calcium and phosphorus which aid the development of bones and teeth in man.
iii. It can be used in the making of shoes, especially the lower part of the shoe.

iv. Vaccines and hormones are synthesized from bone marrow.
v. Bone is helpful in the development of eggshells in poultry.

BLOOD, FEATHERS AND TAIL OF ANIMA

animal Blood

: Blood is also obtained from all farm animals, especially cattle, sheep, goats and pigs. Blood is derived from these animals during slaughtering.

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF BLOOD

i. Blood is processed into blood meal used in livestock feed as a source of protein
ii. It is also rich in vitamins and minerals
iii. It can be used in pharmaceutical industries.

iv. Certain hormones can be synthesized from blood.
10. Feathers: feathers are found on the body, wings and tail of poultry birds such as domestic fowl, turkeys, geese and ducks.

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF FEATHERS

(a) To the birds
(i) They serve as protection for the body
(ii) They are used for flight
(iii) They keep birds warm.

(b) To man
(i) For making pillows
(ii) For making cushions
(iii) For making mattresses
(iv) For making dusters.

The tail of the Animal With Hair (undressed)

The tail of animals is found in some farm animals, especially cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and rabbits. It is most prominent in cattle.

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF TAIL

(a) To man
(i) It is a rich source of protein, e.g cow tail pepper soup
(ii) The tail can be used as a whip by a man
(iii) It is used for some traditional outings in some societies.

(b) To the animals
(i) It is used for protection, e.g defence (ii) It is used for driving away flies
(iii) It is used for communication (i.e. during stress they wag their tails)

  1. ESTABLISHMENT OF PASTURES
    1. FORAGE PRESERVATION
  2. HAY SILAGE
  3. FORESTRY IMPORTANCE OF FORESTRY 206. FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST REGULATION DEFORESTATION AFFORESTATION

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