Alley cropping system of farming

what is ALLEY FARMING. This is a system which involves the growing of food crops in spaces between hedge-rows of trees or shrubs, which must undergo regular pruning every five or six weeks. The species of plants that can be used for alley cropping system cropping include: nitrogen fixing Gliricidia and Leucaena. The spacing of these plants is put at 4 metres between rows, to allow enough space for the growing of food crops. The soil nutrients are recycled through the decomposition of the organic residue.

alley cropping system, perennial crop
perennial crop, cocoa tree

ADVANTAGES OF ALLEY CROPPING SYSTEM OF FARMING

(i) in alley cropping system The pruned leaves help in the feeding of ruminants in the dry season as fodder.
(ii) The branches or stems in alley cropping system are cut and used as yam stake and firewood.
(iii) The shades provided by the plants help to suppress weed growth.
(iv) The pruned leaves also serve as mulching materials.
(v) The shrubs serve as a barrier when planted across the slope in the control of erosion.
(vi) Alley cropping serves as an alternative to bush fallowing.
(vii) most often in alley cropping system The nitrogen fixing plants fix nitrogen for the food crops.

DISADVANTAGES OF ALLEY CROPPING SYSTEM OF FARMING

(i) The plants used can easily smother the growing food crops, if they are not pruned in time.
(ii) Nitrogen supply may be in short fall to the crops, if non-nitrogen fixing plants are used.
(iii) The system may be difficult to practice on a large scale.

  1. COCOA BLACK POD DISEASE

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  1. BALANCED DIETS
    141. LACTATION DIETS
    142. MALNUTRITION
  2. RINDER PESTS
    148. NEWCASTLE DISEASE
    149. BACTERIA DISEASES
    150. ANTHRAX
    151. BRUCELLOSIS
    152. TUBERCULOSIS
    153. FUNGAL DISEASES
  3. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
    155. TRYPONOSOMIASIS

    159. TAPE WORM
    160. ROUND WORM OF PIGS
    161. LIVER FLUKE
    162. ECTO PARASITES
    163. TICK

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