areas of agriculture specialization in agriculture and study. Branches or field of specialization in agriculture. first lets look at the various importance of agriculture, types of agriculture
importance of the areas of agriculture
Agriculture is very important to individuals countries and the world at large it is normally a process of producing crops and animals made for family consumption and industrial uses-areas of agriculture
Agriculture is regarded as the backbone of any Nation’s domestic economy and the mother of all other businesses because it is the very spot where food and other things that are used in the home are being produce
So when we talk about specialization
in agriculture we are talking about areas of discipline that people take up in agriculture for the purpose of meeting of the world’s demand of food as areas of agriculture
In this article I’m going to mention a few branches or areas of specialization in agriculture and these areas are not limited to these I’m going to mention here so if you have any other thing to add to this once or comment you please use our comment box and will get back to you in minutes.
Show the areas of sanitation in agriculture as follows
branches or areas of specialization in agriculture
1. Soil science is one of the important areas of specialization in agriculture. Since all is the natural material on which plant grows the science which studies is soil is known as soil science this type of science deals with the nature of soil that are very important and they are key to crops production.
People who study soil science deals with soil type furniture soil texture soil profile and is a very large area of specialization in agriculture.
Soil science as a branch or area of specialization in agricultural
makes it easy for the Farmer to know something about the soil and how to use it to grow crops in a way that it will bring good lead at the end of the planting season
2. Crop science.. crop science as an area of specialization in agriculture
or one of the branches of agricultural science it is the science which deals with the growing of crops planting of crops
types of crops bringing good feed from insemination how to bring about bountiful harvest.
For crops to do well it is important to study their different parts and know the best way to take care of them in terms of disease control system crossbreeding system and how to get the best of them the application of fertilizer and a lot other things that are important to important to crop is in the farm so is advisable that for crops in a farm to be free from disease and function of vectors crop science is very important and as an agriculturist you are supposed to know little of crop science
3. Fishery as a branch or an area of specialization in agriculture
which is concerned with the production of fish and other animals such as crayfish crab it is that are found in water.
One aspect of this area or branch of Agriculture is the haunting of fish in natural Waters like streams Rivers Lakes lagoons and oceans
The study of Fisheries comes handy as it enhances the production of fish is through fish pond and other types of fishing farming that we see everywhere around us in the whole world so the fishes are so also reared in stream and in pond and tanks and it is a very vital part of our meals at home as it is a source of protein
Forestry and wildlife conservation area of specialization in agriculture
is another branch of Agriculture concerned with the growing and maintenance of trees and animals in the forest
In our locality here in Nigeria most people who are into forestry and wildlife conservation will call them Forest guard that is the name that was given them just like a nickname for the next since there are people who are trained to monitor the growth of plant varieties of plants animal conservation in the forest and so they are trained educated professors or men or Leonard mind that are involved in making sure that we have timber necessary and available for building construction and for making of bridges
forestry and wildlife conservation is very deep as this also involved the the thing will call you keeping and train of animals preserving them for future generations to know the breed and kinds of animals are found in an environment over decayed
the study of Forestry is also involved in planting of trees making sure that we have good variety that disease resistance to setting in an environment and forestry a study is so important that it helps in the growth of a forest and plant and species of plant
Now listen to this if you think you don’t like the forestry of eating while discussing on this article then look at the use of timber will use at home houses and making furniture, building houses, roofing sheets and all that stuff
so they’re taking care of animals like lions elephant, deer, antelopes and others is very important you watch documentaries like in National Geographic channel’s where these animals are shown to you I will call them animals in Kalahari Desert in East Africa
and in South Africa or you have beautiful animals shown to you in a while these animals are not just in a while they are conserved please up by men who are trained to nurture these animals.
5. Agricultural education. Agricultural education or agricultural education is another branch of Agriculture or area of specialisation in agriculture that deals with the training of farmers who is in charge of Agriculture and people who help to teach youth and adults the art and science of farming.. what this area of Agriculture organisation in agriculture is all about listen to have more food the government of any nation or country have to establish schools where the different farming practices and learnt different farming techniques around the uses of Farm tools simple Farm tools in mechanized agriculture are also learnt in the classroom why the Farmers are also thought on how to carry out good farming practices like pre-planting practice
s post planting practices
and other field of endeavours in farming activities
6. Veterinary medicine.. this is the area or branch of Agriculture which teaches is all this with the study of diseases of farm animals
.. person or any medicines or medical doctors that treat is animals is important before that even animals like human being do fall sick.
So if farm animals for sick they need to be treated in order not to die and also grow and produce well. And so the people or group of people who studied how to treat animals that has thick and known as veterinary doctors
7. Agricultural economics. Agricultural economics is an area of specialisation in agriculture which teaches farmers how to run their farms in order to get more money and make profit in the long run. Agricultural economics deals with the little available resource
in the hand of a farmer and teaches him how to use his money that he has to be able to maximize profit and with little include
Farmers grow crops and animals and this in turn has sold to get money so to grow crops and keep animals family to Midland workers and money and then the money is used to pay the workers it is also used to by planting materials like seeds fertilizers
buy farm implements like Cutlass
who shall we throw away cutlasses spanners spade
for farm activities they also use part of this money that are sold from Farm materials and Produce to buy animal feeds
Agricultural economics simply in other terms means agricultural management practices this is simple terms is defined as the management of the little resources in the hand of the Farmer use it in a wise way to maximize profit and produce enough crops and animal for the family consumption and for export. check out this post on scale of preference
8. Another important area of specialization or branch of Agriculture is the agricultural extension
Agricultural extension is concerned with how to help farmers to help themselves in terms of their like the local organizing committee or outreach of the government at the cultural education which goes down to the grass Road to teach farmers about the new improved techniques of Farming, breeds of crops, breeds of animal, which one is more profitable for the farmer.
The People call extension officers and mainly from the Ministry of Agriculture of any country they are the ones in position to show farmers better ways of doing Farm work they also tell the Farmers about new crops and good animals that they can grow and rear for maximum profit.
The work of extension officers is to help farmers make more money by getting Goodyear and better have it at the end of every planting season. In addition to helping farmers to maximize their by teaching them new improved techniques of farming and how they can be able to maximize the little resources they have about their base knowledge and use of simple Farm tools that are newly acquired they also serve as middlemen between the government and this time is by taking the problems of farmers to the ministry of Agriculture for solution
9. Animal science is the science which deals with the study of farm animals or livestock animal science is a field in agricultural science they help in studying farm animals such as gold capital ship pig fell duck and many others that are found in the farm.
Some of the areas of speciality or specialisation in animal science is the study of animals how to improve these animals in order to provide enough meat for family and national consumption and to provide enough to make while others provide eggs to animal science involves the study of many different livestock what they eat in order to grow well and how they are kept by the farmers in order to give maximum production and so the persons who studied farm animals is called an animal scientist
10. A very important field of study in agricultural science is also known as agricultural engineering this area of Agriculture deals with tools and machines used to do farm works to maximize profit and reduce input
In agriculture there are so many farming activities that cannot be done with the use of crude implement known as simple implement and so for mechanized agriculture to be in effect most of the Machines used in modern farming are produced through agricultural engineering
A typical example of the importance of agricultural Engineering in the field of Agriculture is the Felling of trees digging of the soil before planting seed and as well as harvesting which are not in any case of Felling of trees the use of cutlass or simple Farm tools
is difficult. but in the modern times the discovery of a lot of techniques and inventions in agricultural engineering like the motor-saw has been invented for felling trees easily without even sweating
what is horticulture as an area of specialization in agriculture
Horticulture this is a branch of crop science which deals with vegetables fruits and ornamental plants or flowers
The study of horticulture as an area of specialisation in agriculture is therefore divided into three
1. olericulture which deals with vegetable production
Floriculture as a field of study or specialization in agriculture
which is the production of ornamental plant like flowers that use in beautifying our garden and Environment including and compound
3. The third branch of horticulture is known as pomology
which days will the production of fruit like mango guava etc
There is this aspect of horticulture that we tag viticulture here in this part of Africa which is the Cultural planting of wine is however not common in Nigeria anyway because you don’t deal with vines plant in but the growing of vegetables like okra tomato garden egg cabbage carrots and fruits like purple banana mango oranges and every other forms of citrus fruit gives the Farmer a lot of money..
Flower planting or the growing of ornamental plants within the compound is important because flowers are used to make compounds beautiful and looks nice and attractive even bears that have wash in documentaries like National Geographic channels where Birds uses flowers flowers to beautify the nest thereby attracting females so when humans are very intelligent beings are using flowers to be define compound is a natural phenomenon and so the growing of flowers like the Rose croton hibiscus royal Palm flowers and queen of the night makes many houses to look fine or beautiful
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WEED AND THEIR BOTANICAL NAMES
1. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
3. 52. SOIL MICRO-ORGANISMS
4. ORGANIC MANURING
5. FARM YARD MANURE
6. HUMUGRAZING AND OVER GRAZING
10. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGES
8. CROP ROTATION
11. IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
12. ORGANIC MANURING
13. FARM YARD MANURE